I have many Apache VirtualHosts for each of which I use a dedicated SSLCertificateFile.

This is an configuration example of a VirtualHost:

<VirtualHost *:443>

     ServerName subdomain.domain.localhost

     DocumentRoot "/Users/<my_user_name>/Sites/users/public"
     RackEnv development

   <Directory "/Users/<my_user_name>/Sites/users/publ`enter code here`ic">
     Order allow,deny
     Allow from all
   </Directory>

    # SSL Configuration
    SSLEngine on

    #Self Signed certificates
    SSLCertificateFile /private/etc/apache2/ssl/server.crt
    SSLCertificateKeyFile /private/etc/apache2/ssl/server.key
    SSLCertificateChainFile /private/etc/apache2/ssl/ca.crt

</VirtualHost>

Since I am maintaining more Ruby on Rails applications using Passenger Preference Pane, this is a part of the apache2 httpd.conf file:

<IfModule passenger_module>
  NameVirtualHost *:80
  <VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName _default_
  </VirtualHost>
  Include /private/etc/apache2/passenger_pane_vhosts/*.conf
</IfModule>

Can I use a single SSLCertificateFile for all my VirtualHosts (I have heard of wildcards) instead of creating one of it for each VirtualHost? If so, how can I change the files listed above?

Accepted Answer

So you have two things to solve; how to get a cert (pub/priv) that works for all your hosts -and then next - how to arrange the vHosts and the use of strategic includes. (I am ignoring the SNI option here - do read up on that though).

For the first - you roughly have threee options - a wildcard cert (i.e. *.foo.bar.com), a cert with multiple CN's in the DN (E.g. "CN=foo.com, CN=bar.com, L=London..") or a cert with 1 or more Subject Alternative Names containing DNS names (http://playnice.ly/blog/2011/01/03/multi-domain-ucc-ssl-certificates-on-nginx-with-1-ip-address/). The latter two are good when you have just a handful of vhosts (but they can have any name; so no wildcard limits). While the wildcard is your only option when you have 10's to 100's of domains - but the downside is that they have to have a similar leaf name (though you'd be surprised how 'easy' is to get a *.com issued by accident).

Once you have one of these beass - simply include it on server level.

So next up is how to splice things from thereon - what you need here is the same setup as for an SNI host (see docs or http://wiki.apache.org/httpd/NameBasedSSLVHostsWithSNI).

To make your live easy - you could consider using 'include' snippets - or, worst case, generate the config with a small shell script (or go all out - you can include perl and the output it generates 'virtually' on the fly!).

Dw.

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