What are the differences between mod_php and cgi php script?

I mean, why it's better (is it?) to use mod_php instead simple php scripts, running them as CGIs?



You can also run PHP using FastCGI that eliminates most of CGI's overhead, and allows you to run a threaded apache MPM (PHP tends not to like threaded MPMs)

Written by Reece45

Accepted Answer

When using CGI : a PHP process is launched by Apache, and it is that PHP process that interprets PHP code -- not Apache itself.

In theory, a distinct PHP process has to be created for each request -- which makes things slower : Apache has more work to do to answer a request.
(Well, as pointed out by @AlReece45 in a comment, this can be made better using FastCGI)

When using PHP as an Apache module (mod_php, or mod_php5), the PHP interpreter is kind of "embedded" inside the Apache process : there is no external PHP process.

Which means :

  • No forking to answer a request (faster)
  • Better communication between Apache and PHP

Generally speaking, I would say that mod_php is the solution that's used the most.

Written by Pascal MARTIN
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